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Express entry
Express entry 

Express Entry 


 This immigration program introduced in 2015, Jan. the Express Entry (EE) system was made to plus the shortage in Canada's labor market needs to keep the economic growth safe. EE has held till now 144 draws. 

In 2020, so far 26,618 Invitations to Apply have been sent. This number will rise during this year and the next year. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has introduced this program. 

 By this system, candidates can be selected for immigration to Canada over several Federal Economic Immigration programs. Candidates who want to immigrate through the Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class are asked to do so by the system.

 The Express Entry system is a program offering a fast-track path to Canadian immigration. This article will elaborate on the program in detail, state whether the program is fulfilling its goals.

Why the Program Is Popular?

 The processing time of applications can take less than six months to get the PR, making it a fast-track program in Canada. Only candidates who have the required skills can be qualified, unlike all other immigration programs in and out of Canada that take years for getting the PR.

 Program Categories

 The program began in Jan 2015 to assist people to apply for Canadian PR, permanent residence, and it has 3 categories:

 • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

 • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

 • Canadian Experience Class (CEC) 

Express Entry's ITA Numbers

1. Most number of ITAs issued in one draw – 4,500 on February 19, 2020 

 2. Least ITAs issued in one draw – 118 on April 15, 2020 (this draw was for candidates invited under provincial nomination only) 

 3. ITAs issued in 2015 – 31,063 

 4. ITAs issued in 2016 – 33,782 

 5. ITAs issued in 2017 – 74,732 

 6. ITAs issued in 2018 – 89,800 

 7. ITAs issued in 2019 – 67,300 

 8. ITAs issued so far in 2020 – 26,618 

 9. Total number of ITAs issued since the system was introduced – 323,295 

The Years of Opportunities

 In 2020, the Canadian government plans to improve different methods for immigration to Canada to make it more simple. Canada has raised its immigration targets to 341,000 in 2020 and 350,000 in 2021. 

System Ameliorations

 Over time, ITAs numbers that have been issued under the program have continued to increase because of the growth of Canada’s market. Because of this rising trend, changes were made to the program in autumn, 2016. 

These enhancements were implemented on Nov 19, 2016. Target to establish a just immigration system, the changes tackle the needs of human resource. At the same time, maintaining a long-dated economic growth for Canada.

 The improvements are about, granted points for job offers made to already qualified candidates who are in Canada and hold "LMIA-exempt" work permits. 

Also, improvements for international students who graduate from Canadian institutions. Besides, candidates who have received ITAs have a longer time for submitting applications for permanent residence. 

 > Job Offers

From Nov 19, 2016, Job Offer points that are determined by CRS have changed in three main Ways: 

Several overseas workers in Canada who hold an "employer-specific LMIA-exempt work permit" temporarily, but who desire to stay in the country permanently, will not need getting an LMIA anymore to get  job contract points by CRS system.

 This covers candidates who are in Canada under a "federal-provincial agreement", the "North American Free Trade Agreement", or who are "intra-company transferees". 

In terms of points, the candidate is awarded them when he/she meet specific criteria, having a year of work experience or more from the employer they worked for as well as the job offer must be from that employer.

Candidates' job offers durations must only be 1 year one they get the PR. After changing the requirements of job offers from permanent to only 1 year, a huger number of skilled workers who have a 1-year employment contract have better chances of getting ITA for permanent residence. 

Also, granted Points for job offers will be decreased, candidates with a job offer will get a sum of 50 points in a "National Occupational Classification" (NOC) 0, A or B occupation categories. whilst, candidates with a job offer will be awarded a sum of 200 points in a NOC 00 occupation. 

> Education

 You will be granted points for studying in Canada after high school. According to the CRS, you will get 15 points for studying a one or two-year certificate or diploma and 30 points for studying a certificate, degree or, diploma of 3 years or more, involving master’s and Ph.D.'s degrees.

 This system will make it easier for international students in Canada to obtain permanent residence. So previous international students have a significant likelihood of receiving ITA's among all candidates in the pool due to their education, skills, experience, and age. 

Also, it will be easier for them more than others to integrate into the Canadian community because they have gotten habituated at the country and have become familiar with life in Canada. 

> Longer time

 Once selected candidates received ITA for PR, they have an allowance period of 2 months to assemble their documents and apply for PR. It is a sufficient tenure for collecting all the needed documents and submitting the application. 

Due to the new changes, the required CRS number has dramatically fallen down and the issued ITA numbers have leaped progressively. 

 Express Entry process

 1. Know if you have the basic requirements

 2. Create an EE Profile, then ensure that you have your:

 - Education credential assessment report

 - National Occupation Classification (NOC)

 - Recent language tests:

 ----- International English Language Testing System (IELTS)

 ----- Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP); and/or 

 -----Test d'Evaluation de Français (TEF) 

 - Passport

 - Provincial Nomination

 - Canadian employment contract (If you have)

 3. Calculate a CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score out of 1,200 points

 4. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) if you qualify to receive it, have more than the required CRS number. After receiving the ITA, you can complete your application to get the Canadian PR.

 >>Please note: there is a draw every two weeks and the CRS required changes from time to time according to the CRS of candidates in the pool. So they select a certain number - usually 3500 to 4000 - who have the highest CRS. 

That means you will be selected when you are one of the 3500-4000 candidates who have the highest CRS. Thus, you might wait 2 or 4 weeks or a year, it depends on CRS score. 

 5. Get a Police Certificate.

 6. Prepare statemente of Funds to prove that you can support yourself in Canada. 

 7. Pay the fee of the application and Permanent Residence.

 8. Contact employers who you worked for to give you job letters to show you have work experience

 >>Please note: if you have a job offer from a Canadian employer, your recruiter may need to get you with an LMIA.

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

 It's a system ranks applicants according to certain criteria which determines who will be selected to get ITA among all applicants in the pool of Express Entry.

 This system assesses applicants based on 4 main factors:

 • Skill Transferability

 • Spouse and Common-Law Partner

 • Human Capital Factors

 • Additional Factors

 The following factors also are considered:


Work experience

Education qualifications

Language skills


Job offers

Spouse or common-law partner

 The chances of getting ITA and becoming a permanent residence in Canada are higher when applicants' CRS score is higher. CRS is a scale from 0-1200 points.

You can raise your score also by Core Human Capital Factors, This grants you (600 Points) for qualifications such as diplomas, certificates, and degrees. You get a higher point for having higher educational qualifications.

 Language skills are an essential requirement and getting high scores in distinguished English and French tests such as IELTS, CELPIP-G, and TEF is one of the best ways to raise your CRS scores because it can grant you up to 150 extra points. 

 You can increase your CRS scores in many ways, such as obtaining Provincial Nomination which grants you an extra 600 points. Also getting a job offer can raise your score 50-600 points.

 For instance, get 200 points for a job offer for occupations under 00 National Occupation Classification (NOC). A job offer under a "Labour Market Impact Assessment" (LMIA) gives you 600 CRS points. However, other job offers will reward you further 50 points. 

 Apply for the system with your common-law partner or spouse, augment your score, if your partner has the correct educational background and work experience. Again, when your partner has more work experience, he/she gets a better CRS score. 

 How To Increase Your CRS Score

 Below are the main factors that the CRS system is based on:

 • Core capital factors

 • French and English Ability

 • Work experience

 • Previous Canadian study experience

 • Your common-law partner or spouse

 • Siblings in Canada

 • Offer of employment

 • Provincial Nomination

Core Human Capital Factors (600 Points)

 This factor is very important which rewards you points according to the level of education, for instance:

 • Certificate

 • Diploma

 • Degree 

 The higher qualifications you (and your spouse) have, the more points you get. 

 Language (150 Points)

 As we mentioned, it is mandatory to pass language tests, but there is a huge difference been passing the tests and getting decent scores in the tests.

Work Experience (0-25 points)

You and your spouse must have a 1-year work experience to qualify for Express Entry, however, you will not be awarded good points for that, so you should have more than one year. 

Previous Canadian study experience (15-30 points)

Canada has many international students since study experience in Canada boosts the CRS and increases the chances of getting the permanent residence.

Siblings in Canada (15)

If you have a brother or sister living in Canada who is a permanent residence or a citizen, you gain extra 15 points. 

Job Offers (50-600 Points)

 Based on the NOC category of the job that you had a job offer for, the number of points you will obtain varies from 50-600 points.

 Provincial Nomination (600 Points)

 Applicants who receive a Nominee Certificate from a Canadian province through Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) will get extra 600 points.

 (SFWP) Program Eligibility

 Your eligibility is affected by the following factors:

 Work Experience, in this factor you must:

 • the chosen job must be under level 0, A or B.

 • Have a related work experience for a chosen job you opted for in the "National Occupation. 

• Classification" (NOC). Note: the work experience you have must match the occupation you chose.

 • It must be paid work.

 • Your work experience must be in the last 10 years when you apply.

 • The minimum required work experience is a year, about 1,560 hours.

 • Demonstrate that your work experience matches the duties and requirements of the NOC.

 Language Ability, in this factor you must:

 • Take the same test that is recognized by IRCC.

 • Obtain the minimal level determined by the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB).

 • Achieve the language requirements for English (and French).

 • Your language tests must be valid, not expired when you apply, less than two years old.

 Education, in this factor you must:

 • Have completed foreign credentials; or

 • Do an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) from a Canadian organization like WES and approved by IRCC.

 • Have completed secondary education and a tertiary diploma, degree, or certificate that are equivalent to Canadian qualifications.

 Proof of Funds (POF), in this factor you must: 

 Show that you can support yourself and your companions, unless:

 • You have a Canadian employment contract.

 • You are working in Canada.

 Additional Factors to Be Considered:

 • Valid job offers.

 • Age, best age is 20-29.

 • Adaptability.

 (SFTP) Program Eligibility

 This program targets skilled laborers who work in trade and want to work and live permanently in Canada.

 Minimum Requirements 

 You must: 

 • Intention to live outside of Quebec since it has its program, Quebec Skilled Worker.

 • Fulfil the language requirements for English (and French).

 • Have 2-year work experience in a skilled trade either full-time or part-time.

 • Show you have experience in the past 5 years when you apply.

 • Meet the job duties and requirements in the NOC.

 • Have either a full-time Canadian job offer for at least one year or A Certificate Of Qualification for your skilled trade that is issued from a Canadian province.



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  1. j'aimerais immigrais au canada pour refaire ma vie avec ma famille je suis marieé et g'ai une fille et 3 garçons je suis chef seccursale de vente d'une companie de production de tabacc et je suis diplomé de Linstitut INSIM une filiale de l'univercité de sherbrook Diplome d'etude superieur de gestion avec 25 ans d'experience .


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